Only 18% of American adults with cardiovascular disease and 26% of adults at risk for cardiovascular disease use wearable health devices.
People who need to use wearable health devices like smartwatches may be using them less, according to preliminary research that will be presented at the 2022 American Heart Association scientific sessions.
Specifically, an estimated 3.6 million Americans with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and 34.4 million Americans at risk for cardiovascular disease use wearable devices, reflecting only 18% of all people with cardiovascular disease, and 26% of all people at risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
By comparison, 29% of the total adult population in the United States has used wearable devices.
These findings are based on analysis of health information for participants in the National Trends in Health Information Survey (HINTS), which was conducted between 2019 and 2020. A total of 9,303 adults in the United States answered the HINTS survey. According to the study authors, the sample of participants is nationally representative despite its relatively small size in numerical terms.
The analysis showed that individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease were less likely to use wearable devices.
Lovedeep S., MBBS, a postdoctoral assistant in the Cardiovascular Data Science Laboratory at Yale University School of Medicine and lead author of the study. “The most popular wearables included smartwatches and fitness bands at the time of the survey, although the category continued to expand to include other devices.”
Specifically, only 12% of adults over 65 years of age with cardiovascular disease have used wearable health devices, even though half of people with cardiovascular disease are in this age group. Meanwhile, 17% of adults with cardiovascular disease aged 50-64 years said they used wearable devices, and 33% of adults with cardiovascular disease aged 18-49 reported using them.
Additionally, while 22% of people at risk for heart disease are 65 or older, only 14% of people in that age group actually use these devices.
According to the authors, this suggests an association between advanced age and less wearable use among people with and at risk for cardiovascular disease.
They also found that higher education level and income correlated with wearable device use.
Individuals with cardiovascular disease with annual household income of $50,000 or more were 4 times more likely to use wearable devices than individuals with annual income of less than $20,000. In addition, individuals with an education beyond a bachelor’s degree were 3.6 times more likely to use a wearable than individuals with a lower education level with respect to it.
The majority (80%) of participants at risk for cardiovascular disease said they would be willing to share health information collected by a wearable to improve healthcare, with slight differences in willingness across different subgroups based on age, gender, race, and ethnicity. Education level and income.
“We were surprised to find that people with cardiovascular disease were significantly less likely than people without cardiovascular disease to use wearable devices, suggesting that people who are most likely to benefit from these technologies appear to be less likely,” Dingra said. to be used”. “We need to ensure that wearables reach the people who need them most, by improving equitable access and promoting wearables as health devices to help improve health and reduce health disparities.”