Toyota Motor North America and Kenworth Truck Company said they have demonstrated the capabilities of jointly designed heavy-duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV) as a potential zero-emissions alternative to diesel trucks as they complete operations at the nearby zero- and zero-emission charging facilities project. (ZANZEFF) “Shore to Store” in Los Angeles Harbor, Los Angeles Basin, and Inland Empire. (A previous post.)
The primary objective of Toyota and Kenworth’s involvement in the project was to roughly match the performance of diesel-powered dryers with the elimination of emissions to provide a sustainable solution in heavy-duty transportation. The baseline for the Toyota-Kenworth T680 FCEV truck – codenamed “Ocean” – was a 2017 diesel engine running about 200 miles a day.
The T680 FCEV has a range of approximately 300+ miles when fully loaded to 82,000 lbs. (GCWR), and with no downtime between charging shifts and a short fill time of 15 to 20 minutes, FCEVs can run multiple shifts per day and cover up to 400 to 500 miles.
Kenworth designed and built 8-Series T680 FCEVs, while Toyota designed and built the hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric power system for the powertrain. Ocean Trucks reduced greenhouse gases (GHG) by 74.66 metric tons of CO22 per truck per year compared to the base diesel engine.
The 10 trucks’ success in serving real-world customers was the result of close collaboration between diverse project members, including Kenworth and Toyota, the Port of Los Angeles as the project lead, Shell’s hydrogen fuel infrastructure and a grant from the California Aviation Resource Board (CARB).
The program paves the way for further development and commercial opportunities for hydrogen fuel cell electric transportation in California and beyond.
Although their assignments on the ZANZEFF “Shore to Store” project officially concluded on August 5, 2022, some trucks will remain in use as demonstration or business models, including those that will continue to support Toyota’s operations in the lower LA Basin.
Although the overall ZANZEFF project is expected to be completed later this year, the recently completed “Shore to Store” project funded under ZANZEFF was proposed with the support of Toyota, Kenworth and Shell and funded with a $41 million grant Provided by CARB.
“Shore to the Store” has provided one of the largest real-world proof-of-concept test cases to demonstrate the practical application of large-scale hydrogen fuel cell technology in a framework for shipping facilities to structure operations for the future movement of goods from “Shore to the Store” in the world.
10 “Ocean” trucks were operated for this project by customers, including, among others, Toyota Logistics Services and Total Transportation Services, Inc. and Southern Counties Express. With the completion of this project, the door is now open for wider adoption of the technology for use in other heavy-duty applications, including the increased use of heavy trucks in commercial transportation.
Shell contributed to the project by building a total of three hydrogen stations (two from ZANZEFF and one additional in the operating area), California’s first public provider of heavy-duty truck fuel. With established tracks for truck drying operations, stations were used regularly, providing fast refueling to keep the trucks running.
Toyota plans to produce fuel cell power generation units at Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky from 2023.